Special Session: Lead (Pb) in wildlife and the environment: Working towards ensuring that African wildlife is not harmed by exposure to lead

Lead (Pb) is a heavy metal that is increasingly being demonstrated to be harmful to wildlife and humans. While this issue has received significant attention in Europe, North America and other parts of the world, it has received relatively little attention in Africa. Recent studies on vultures, crocodiles and mammals in southern Africa have recorded high levels of lead, and bullets, fishing sinkers and mine pollution have been implicated, but a full analysis of sources of lead has not been conducted, nor has the impact of lead at a population level or in other groups of organisms been assessed.

The purpose of this interactive session is to:

  • Provide an overview of physiological processes and impacts of lead in wildlife
  • Present a global overview of lead sources and issues related to lead in wildlife, people and the environment, including an assessment of efforts to reduce exposure of wildlife to lead
  • Present the results of recent southern African studies evaluating the presence and impact of lead on wildlife and the environment
  • Discuss a research framework in relation to understanding the sources, impacts and alternatives to lead
  • Discuss a monitoring framework for assessing progress towards ensuring that wildlife is not harmed by exposure to lead
  • Discuss an integrated, multidisciplinary approach towards achieving a vision that South African wildlife is not harmed by exposure to lead.


Delegates are invited to attend the session to become more familiar with the details and issues relating to lead in wildlife, and contribute to interactive discussions towards developing strategies and approaches to ensuring that wildlife is not harmed by exposure to lead.

Navigate between Special Sessions 

Water-Citizen-Science
Data Management
Elephant Conservation
Indigenous Knowledge
Lead in Wildlife
Maloti-Drakensberg Exposition
PA Management Effectiveness
Protection via Partnerships
Species in Crisis
Vulture Conservation

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